Luke Chapter 3

Now in the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius Caesar, Pontius Pilate being governor of Judaea, and Herod being tetrarch of Galilee, and his brother Philip tetrarch of Ituraea and of the region of Trachonitis, and Lysanias the tetrarch of Abilene, Annas and Caiaphas being the high priests, the word of God came unto John the son of Zacharias in the wilderness.

And he came into all the country about Jordan, preaching the baptism of repentance for the remission of sins; As it is written in the book of the words of Esaias the prophet, saying, The voice of one crying in the wilderness, Prepare ye the way of the Lord, make his paths straight.

Every valley shall be filled, and every mountain and hill shall be brought low; and the crooked shall be made straight, and the rough ways shall be made smooth; And all flesh shall see the salvation of God.

Then said he to the multitude that came forth to be baptized of him, O generation of vipers, who hath warned you to flee from the wrath to come? Bring forth therefore fruits worthy of repentance, and begin not to say within yourselves, We have Abraham to our father: for I say unto you, That God is able of these stones to raise up children unto Abraham. And now also the axe is laid unto the root of the trees: every tree therefore which bringeth not forth good fruit is hewn down, and cast into the fire.

And the people asked him, saying, What shall we do then?

He answereth and saith unto them, He that hath two coats, let him impart to him that hath none; and he that hath meat, let him do likewise.

Then came also publicans to be baptized, and said unto him, Master, what shall we do?

And he said unto them, Exact no more than that which is appointed you.

And the soldiers likewise demanded of him, saying, And what shall we do? And he said unto them, Do violence to no man, neither accuse any falsely; and be content with your wages.

And as the people were in expectation, and all men mused in their hearts of John, whether he were the Christ, or not;  John answered, saying unto them all, I indeed baptize you with water; but one mightier than I cometh, the latchet of whose shoes I am not worthy to unloose: he shall baptize you with the Holy Ghost and with fire: Whose fan is in his hand, and he will throughly purge his floor, and will gather the wheat into his garner; but the chaff he will burn with fire unquenchable. And many other things in his exhortation preached he unto the people.

But Herod the tetrarch, being reproved by him for Herodias his brother Philip’s wife, and for all the evils which Herod had done, Added yet this above all, that he shut up John in prison.

Now when all the people were baptized, it came to pass, that Jesus also being baptized, and praying, the heaven was opened, And the Holy Ghost descended in a bodily shape like a dove upon him, and a voice came from heaven, which said, Thou art my beloved Son; in thee I am well pleased.

And Jesus himself began to be about thirty years of age, being (as was supposed) the son of Joseph, which was the son of Heli, Which was the son of Matthat, which was the son of Levi, which was the son of Melchi, which was the son of Janna, which was the son of Joseph,

Which was the son of Mattathias, which was the son of Amos, which was the son of Naum, which was the son of Esli, which was the son of Nagge, Which was the son of Maath, which was the son of Mattathias, which was the son of Semei, which was the son of Joseph, which was the son of Juda,

Which was the son of Joanna, which was the son of Rhesa, which was the son of Zorobabel, which was the son of Salathiel, which was the son of Neri, Which was the son of Melchi, which was the son of Addi, which was the son of Cosam, which was the son of Elmodam, which was the son of Er,

Which was the son of Jose, which was the son of Eliezer, which was the son of Jorim, which was the son of Matthat, which was the son of Levi, Which was the son of Simeon, which was the son of Juda, which was the son of Joseph, which was the son of Jonan, which was the son of Eliakim,

Which was the son of Melea, which was the son of Menan, which was the son of Mattatha, which was the son of Nathan, which was the son of David, Which was the son of Jesse, which was the son of Obed, which was the son of Booz, which was the son of Salmon, which was the son of Naasson,

Which was the son of Aminadab, which was the son of Aram, which was the son of Esrom, which was the son of Phares, which was the son of Juda, Which was the son of Jacob, which was the son of Isaac, which was the son of Abraham, which was the son of Thara, which was the son of Nachor,

Which was the son of Saruch, which was the son of Ragau, which was the son of Phalec, which was the son of Heber, which was the son of Sala, Which was the son of Cainan, which was the son of Arphaxad, which was the son of Sem, which was the son of Noe, which was the son of Lamech,

Which was the son of Mathusala, which was the son of Enoch, which was the son of Jared, which was the son of Maleleel, which was the son of Cainan, Which was the son of Enos, which was the son of Seth, which was the son of Adam, which was the son of God.

In this third chapter of the Gospel of Luke we are introduced to John’s ministry, which was, ” the word of God came unto John the son of Zacharias in the wilderness.”   This verse reminds us of the Old Testament prophets who received God’s instructions. But what is interesting here is that the Word came to him while he was in the wilderness.  God doesn’t notice our surroundings,  He can find us no matter where we are.  The baptism was much like ceremony, was such as was ordinarily used among the Jews when they purified themselves by washing with water, but this also was the symbolic cleansing of repentance of sins.  Later after it was told the disciples to baptize believers in the Name of the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit . It’s not a tool of salvation, one can’t be saved by being baptized, but it is an expression by those who have already been saved in Jesus. It is a public display of a believer being repented, buried, and risen again in the likeness of Christ.

John makes clear to keep from exalting himself, and denying he is the Christ, and turns the thoughts of those witnessing his teaching to that which is to come.  A mightier one, that will baptize you with the Holy Ghost and with fire…

We also see here the scriptural account of the trinity as displayed by Jesus as He came up out of the water at His baptism, the Holy Spirit coming down as a dove and landing on His shoulder, and the voice of God coming from the clouds.

In this chapter Luke has his list of “begats” although this chapter doesn’t actually use that word.  But we have the genealogy of Jesus which unlike the Gospel of Matthew who recorded through Joseph, Luke’s account is through the line of Mary.  There is so much interwoven into the genealogy of Jesus, and I found a really good and interesting article if anyone feels like reading it.

What is interesting is that Luke shows the generations all the way back to Adam, described as the son of God as he was the offspring of God by creation.

As I have been reading the book of Chronicles for the past week or so, I have been journeying through some more of those earlier ‘begats’ chapters.  It used to be that I would skip over them, being so many names and people I’ll never remember, but like all Scripture, it’s in there for a reason.  For one thing, it shows just how meticulous the Old Testament authors were about naming the generations, but considering how many decades and even centuries had passed, the authors keeping a record of the history of the Jews bare record of God’s working in the lives and generations of His chosen people.  For another thing, while we may never remember all the names in these lists, we do learn more of Jesus’s own ancestors through them as we recognize more of them, the more often we study them.  Out of all the religions & philosophies I’ve read or studied, not one of them has more of a meticulous accounting of each generation the way Judaism has.  The fact that both Matthew and Luke include that accounting shows Jesus as coming both from the lineage of King David, and the Priesthood shows a direct fulfillment of God’s plan.

In Genesis 49:10 it is promised to Judah that “the scepter shall not depart from Judah, nor a law-giver from between his feet, until Shiloh come; and unto him shall the gathering of the people be,”  And then later, God promises King David in 2 Samuel 7:10-16, that that his throne would be established forever. Messianic Kingdom is also prophesied in Jeremiah 23:5-6,  Psalm 72 and  Isaiah 9:6, among many other scriptures, establishes the kingship of the Messiah. Messiah will be from the lineage of David.

God described the Messiah saying: “Thou art a priest forever after the order of Melchizedek,” (Psalm 110:1-4)  Melchizedek, as a type of Christ, represented His eternal and unchanging priesthood.

Thank God for Jesus! Messiah our King of Kings, our Priest and our Salvation!

I love the book of Luke, and look forward to learning more in coming weeks. I hope folks are enjoying these studies as much as I am!

Have a blessed Wednesday all!

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