And the third day there was a marriage in Cana of Galilee; and the mother of Jesus was there: And both Jesus was called, and his disciples, to the marriage. And when they wanted wine, the mother of Jesus saith unto him, They have no wine.
Jesus saith unto her, Woman, what have I to do with thee? mine hour is not yet come.
His mother saith unto the servants, Whatsoever he saith unto you, do it. And there were set there six waterpots of stone, after the manner of the purifying of the Jews, containing two or three firkins apiece. Jesus saith unto them, Fill the waterpots with water. And they filled them up to the brim. And he saith unto them, Draw out now, and bear unto the governor of the feast. And they bare it.
When the ruler of the feast had tasted the water that was made wine, and knew not whence it was: (but the servants which drew the water knew;) the governor of the feast called the bridegroom, And saith unto him, Every man at the beginning doth set forth good wine; and when men have well drunk, then that which is worse: but thou hast kept the good wine until now.
This beginning of miracles did Jesus in Cana of Galilee, and manifested forth his glory; and his disciples believed on him.
After this he went down to Capernaum, he, and his mother, and his brethren, and his disciples: and they continued there not many days.
And the Jews’ passover was at hand, and Jesus went up to Jerusalem. And found in the temple those that sold oxen and sheep and doves, and the changers of money sitting: And when he had made a scourge of small cords, he drove them all out of the temple, and the sheep, and the oxen; and poured out the changers’ money, and overthrew the tables; And said unto them that sold doves, Take these things hence; make not my Father’s house an house of merchandise.
And his disciples remembered that it was written, The zeal of thine house hath eaten me up. Then answered the Jews and said unto him, What sign shewest thou unto us, seeing that thou doest these things? Jesus answered and said unto them, Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up.
Then said the Jews, Forty and six years was this temple in building, and wilt thou rear it up in three days? But he spake of the temple of his body. When therefore he was risen from the dead, his disciples remembered that he had said this unto them; and they believed the scripture, and the word which Jesus had said.
Now when he was in Jerusalem at the passover, in the feast day, many believed in his name, when they saw the miracles which he did. But Jesus did not commit himself unto them, because he knew all men, And needed not that any should testify of man: for he knew what was in man.
There is so much to this chapter, but I’d like to focus on the first part of it- the Miracle at Cana.
What was it about turning water into wine that the first to follow Jesus would believe in Him now? And how is it that Mary His mother seems to ignore His question and comment, “what have I to do with thee? mine hour is not yet come.” When she turns and tells the servants to do whatever Jesus says to do.
As far as the wedding goes, Jesus was invited, although being relatively new on the scene, and since his mother was also present, it may have been family friends who were hosting the celebration feast. Whatever the case, the fact that they ran out of wine seems to imply that either they didn’t plan very well, or maybe they didn’t have a lot of money to spend on the feast. Maybe Mary’s insistence was to help friends ward off embarrassment, or humiliation.
It’s interesting though that Jesus reminds her that He has a purpose and it wasn’t time to declare it. He seems to remind her that He’s not there to give out special favors, even if she is His mother, that His purpose is for all people regardless of familiarity, and His timing not according to our wishes. “Woman, what have I to do with thee? mine hour is not yet come.”
Yet she still points the way to her Son, and trusts Him to take control of the situation, by telling the servants to do whatever He tells them to do. And He tells the servants what to do, even though it wasn’t his time yet to show His miraculous power. Why?
The answer seems to lie in the last sentence of the chapter, “because he knew all men, And needed not that any should testify of man: for he knew what was in man” Many believed in His Name because of the miracles, and at the beginning of the chapter, His first new disciples believed because of the miracle at Cana- yet there’s a subtle difference it seems. Maybe Jesus knew His new disciples needed to see so they would gain a firm foundation of trust and belief. They were so willing to follow Him before this miracle, which set them apart from the crowds in Jerusalem, who only followed after the miracles.
The verse says the wine had run out, and perhaps Jesus waited until desperation set in before He was moved to act. How often do people trust more when they have no other choice? Often times His timing seems to be when He knows we are broken enough that He can work in us. It’s not that He was saying, No, I’m not listening and I don’t care, He is saying, Wait.
I like the way Matthew Henry’s commentary puts the miracle of Cana, ” The beginning of Moses’s miracles was turning water into blood, the beginning of Christ’s miracles was turning water into wine; which intimates the difference between the law of Moses and the gospel of Christ. The curse of the law turns water into blood, common comforts into bitterness and terror; the blessing of the gospel turns water into wine. Christ hereby showed that his errand into the world was to heighten and improve creature-comforts to all believers, and make them comforts indeed.“
Jesus not only turned water into wine, He turned it into the best wine. Obviously from the response of the Ruler of the feast, who assumed the bridegroom had saved the best for last, even on the chance that people would be too drunk to notice. Not only was the family saved from embarrassment, they were complimented on their desire to serve the best, even until the last.
And the disciples believed. Again, it could be that they needed a miracle in order to build that foundation of faith that Jesus knew all the believers would need. He saw they were already willing to follow, and this would shore up trust and belief.
Jesus would perform many miracles throughout His ministry, it’s interesting that His first miracle was a quiet one performed at a wedding, where only the servants, disciples and Mary were aware of it. His last recorded miracle coming up later in the Gospel of John was performed out loud at a funeral.
I’ve been trying to think a little more about His miracles. Yes, people believed He was special, a powerful prophet, and some even believed His anointing of God as Messiah. But while miracles are special, it’s not necessarily the miracles that prove Jesus is Lord. We are warned that there will be many false prophets, false christs. We need to remember also that there will be false miracles performed by the enemy to turn people away from Jesus.
Miracles are cool, amazing, but more important is what the miracles represent. False miracles will be much like the Egyptian magicians who performed similar miracles to counter those done through Moses or that Satan tempted Jesus with in the wilderness.
But Jesus’s miracles are powerful and full of promise. Jesus’s first miracle was granted to show that He provides for this life. His last miracle was to show that He provides life even after death. The miracles in between; healing and deliverance show that He provides for body and soul, healing and comfort from the inside out. It’s the promises the miracles represent, by a God Who delivers.
Have a blessed day all.