Psalm 19

The Perfect Revelation of the Lord

To the Chief Musician. A Psalm of David.

1 The heavens declare the glory of God;
And the firmament shows His handiwork.
Day unto day utters speech,
And night unto night reveals knowledge.
There is no speech nor language
Where their voice is not heard.
Their line has gone out through all the earth,
And their words to the end of the world.

In them He has set a tabernacle for the sun,
Which is like a bridegroom coming out of his chamber,
And rejoices like a strong man to run its race.
Its rising is from one end of heaven,
And its circuit to the other end;
And there is nothing hidden from its heat.

The law of the Lord is perfect, converting the soul;
The testimony of the Lord is sure, making wise the simple;
The statutes of the Lord are right, rejoicing the heart;
The commandment of the Lord is pure, enlightening the eyes;
The fear of the Lord is clean, enduring forever;
The judgments of the Lord are true and righteous altogether.
10 More to be desired are they than gold,
Yea, than much fine gold;
Sweeter also than honey and the honeycomb.
11 Moreover by them Your servant is warned,
And in keeping them there is great reward.

12 Who can understand his errors?
Cleanse me from secret faults.
13 Keep back Your servant also from presumptuous sins;
Let them not have dominion over me.
Then I shall be blameless,
And I shall be innocent of great transgression.

14 Let the words of my mouth and the meditation of my heart
Be acceptable in Your sight,
Lord, my strength and my Redeemer.


The following commentary is from Warren W. Wiersbe’s book ‘BE Worshipful’.

The emphasis in the psalm is on God’s revelations of Himself in creation, Scripture, and the human heart.

         The Worlds around Us—God the Creator (vv. 1-6).  David focused on the heavens above him, especially the circuit of the sun; but there are many worlds in God’s creation.  They include the earth beneath our feet; the plant and animal worlds on earth, in the skies, and in the waters; the human world; the world of rocks and crystals; worlds visible to the human eye; and worlds so small we need special equipment to see them…..David knew none of this modern scientific data, and yet when he pondered the heavens, he was overwhelmed by the glory of the Lord.

          The Jewish people were forbidden to worship the objects in the heavens (Ex. 20:4-5…..), nor were they allowed to practice astrology (Isa. 47:13-14…..).  They worshipped the Creator, not the creation (Rom. 1:25).  The existence of creation implied the existence of a Creator and the nature of the creation implied that He was wise enough to plan it and powerful enough to execute His plan and maintain what He had made……David knew that God was speaking to the inhabitants of the earth by means of His creation……God speaks through creation day after day and night after night; His speech “points out” silently, abundantly, universally……

           The Jewish people could never say that they had not heard God’s message, because Psalm 19:4 says that the whole world has heard.  Therefore, both Gentiles and Jews stand guilty before God and need to be saved through faith in Jesus Christ, and we must take the salvation message to them (Rom. 10:1-15)……When Paul preached to Gentiles, he started with creation and then moved into the gospel message (Acts 14:14-18)……

           But despite this universal message that pours out day and night to the entire world, most people ignore it and reject God because they want to live as they please (Rom. 1:18-23).  The repeated question “Are people lost who have never heard about Jesus?” has two answers: (1) Yes, they are lost, because God speaks to them all day long, and they refuse to listen; (2) What are you doing about getting the message to these people?

         The Word before Us—God the Instructor (vv. 7-11).  The revelation of God in creation is truly wonderful, but it is limited when it comes to manifesting the attributes of God and His purposes for creation……so we need something that reveals more clearly the character of God.  That something is the inspired Word of God……There is no conflict between what God does in His universe and what He says in His Word.  It was by His Word that He created the worlds (33:9), and it is by His Word that He controls the worlds…….(1) Law of the Lord (v. 7a).  This is the Hebrew word torah, which means “instruction, direction, teaching.”  Jewish people call the scrolls of the law “the Torah” but the word refers to all of God’s revelation……Unlike the text books that we write, God’s Word is perfect, flawless, and complete……The Word of the Lord not only has life (Acts 7:3; Heb. 4:12), but it also imparts spiritual life to all who receive it (1 Peter 1:23), and it sustains life as well (119:25….).  (2) Testimony of the Lord (v. 7).  The Ten Commandments were known by this name (Ex. 25:21), and they are the basis for God’s law.  But all of the Scriptures are God’s witness to us of who He is, what He has said and done, and what He wants us to be and to do……(3) Statutes of the Lord (v. 8).  These are God’s detailed instructions concerning the practical matters of everyday life…………     (4) Commandment of the Lord (v. 8).  The word means “that which is appointed.”  Because the Lord loves us, He commands us what to do and warns us what not to do, and how we respond is a matter of life or death (Deut. 30:15-20).  God’s commands are pure and lead to a pure life, if we obey from the heart.  The Bible is the Holy Scriptures (Rom. 1:2….), and therefore His Word is very pure……(5) Fear of the Lord (v. 9).  This is an unusual name for the Scriptures, but it reminds us that we cannot learn the Word of God unless we show reverence and respect for the God of the Word.  To teach the Bible is to teach the fear of the Lord (34:11…), and the mark of a true Bible student is a burning heart, not a big head (Luke 24:32…)…..(6) Judgements of the Lord (v. 9).  This can be translated “ordinances” or even “verdicts.”  It refers to the decisions of a judge.  Throughout the Bible, we see the Lord passing judgment on what people and the nations do; and His rewards, rebukes, and punishments help us understand what pleases Him……Believers today are not under the Old Testament law, but how those laws were applied helps us understand the righteousness of God, and our need for His grace…….

          The way we treat the Bible is the way we treat the Lord, so it isn’t difficult to determine if we are rightly related to God.  Do we desire His Word because it’s precious to us, even more than wealth (v. 10…) or tasty food (119:103)?……Furthermore, do we accept the warnings of the Word and act upon them?……The Lord has sent the Holy Spirit to teach us His Word, and if we walk in the Spirit, we will learn and live the truth (John 14:26……).

           The Witness within Us—God the Redeemer (vv. 12-14).  Unless we have a personal relationship with the Lord so that God is our Father and Jesus is our Redeemer, what we see in creation and what we read in the Bible will not do us much good……The Word in the hand is fine, the Word in the head is better, but the Word in the heart is what transforms us and matures us in Christ (119:11……)…. 

           The Word is a light (119:105) and a mirror (James 1:22-25) to help us see ourselves, search our hearts (Heb. 4:12), and recognize and acknowledge our sins…..Unconfessed sins, even if committed ignorantly, can grow within the heart and begin to rule over us, and this can lead to our committing willful disobedience……

             Creation is God’s “wordless book,” and the Scriptures are God’s holy Word to us, but God wants to hear our words as “sacrifices” that please Him (141:1-2…)……The words we speak begin with the thoughts in our hearts (Matt. 12:33-37), so it’s important that we meditate on God’s Word and God’s works, the first two themes of Psalm 19.  If we delight in God’s Word, we will naturally meditate on it and give expression of His truth with our lips, and this will help keep us from sin (119:9-16…)……Jesus is our Redeemer (Gal. 3:13…), and He became our “kinsman” when He came in sinless human flesh to die for us on the cross.  He is both Rock and Redeemer, for He not only paid the price to set us free, but He also keeps us safe.

I wish everyone a very blessed day.


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